Venetian and Northern Renaissance (1430–1550)

About the time

Within the same time period as Italian Renaissance.

The Art

Northern Renaissance art has a lot of detail.  That means there are a lot of different things in the pictures.



Paintings were done in mostly oil on wood or canvas.  Frescoes were created by painting on wet plaster. 



Renaissance spreads north to France, Germany, The Netherlands, Poland and England

Venice, Italy



























             “Marriage of Bacchus”  paintings and frescoes had a lot of people







characteristics with northern artists: Lots of detail


Durer- German did woodcut engravings. 


This wood cutting,"Melancholia," shows a person sitting among scientific instruments that are not being used.   He also had a magic square for his image . " Melancholia," comes from the old medical belief of the humours. It was also described as a distinct disease with particular mental and physical symptoms that are similar to sadness or depression.





The wood cutting was done in 1514, the two bottom numbers in the square.

The four numbers in each corner and in the center add up to 34.  Also, the numbers on the vertical edges equal 17 when added to their opposite on the other vertical edge.


This link has more information about why the square is so "magical."








Bruegle- (Bru-guhl) the whole family made art.  the wikipedia page has a breakdown of the family names.

"The Peasant Wedding",

"Hunters in the Snow" aka "Return of the Hunters" 1565




Icarus was a boy who made wings and tried to fly but when he got too close to the sun the wax that held the wings together fell apart.

 Here is making the wings and the sunlight is very prominent.








"Tower of Babble"


  In the Old testament, there is a story about the Tower of Babble.  All the people in the world spoke the same language and they decided to build the tallest tower in the world.  They decide to build the tower to heaven, God says that's not good, but they do it anyway.  God smites them and makes them all speak different languages.  Because they now speak different languages, they can't work together to finish the tower, so they join into groups of the same language and spread out across the world.



Bosch (Bosh) "Garden of Earthly Delights" 1600 (One of Ms. Allekotte's favorites)


This is a triptych: Heaven is on the left, earth is in the middle and hell is on the right. They are pictured in more detial below.

^Comparatively sketchy manner which contrasts with the traditional  flemish style of paintings. When the exterior panels are closed the viewer can see god creating earth.










What kinds of things do you see in this picture?



These unrealistic characters will become popular again with surrealists like Dali.























Jan Van Eyck (Yahn Van Ike) "Arnolfini" the image in the mirror between the couple is a self-portrait.  Also, creating a "fish-eye" effect in the rounded mirror is something Van Eyk is famous for.  His paintings are one of the most frequently analyzed paintings by art historians but a number of popular interpretations have been questioned.







Review Test 7


Go to the Review Test Page and click on the seventh link.  Fill in the answer sheet with the answers and turn it in to Ms. Allekotte for a grade.

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